Standards of Learning
||The student will demonstrate knowledge of developments leading to the Renaissance in Europe in terms of its impact on Western civilization by
||sequencing events related to the rise of Italian city-states and their political development, including Machiavelli’s theory of governing as described in The Prince;
Explain that wealth accumulated from European trade with the Middle East led to the rise of Italian city-states. Wealthy merchants were active civic leaders.
Summarize the benefit of geographic location to northern Italian cities during the Renaissance period, using the following information as a guide. Include an explanation of how each of these cities achieved importance and developed politically:
Florence, Venice, and Genoa
• Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets
• Served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe
• Were initially independent city-states governed as republics
Explain that Machiavelli observed city-state rulers of his day and produced guidelines for the acquisition and maintenance of power by absolute rule.
Describe Machiavelli’s ideas about power as defined in his book, The Prince, using the following information as a guide:
• An early modern treatise on government
• Supports absolute power of the ruler
• Maintains that the end justifies the means
• Advises that one should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary
Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.
“Medieval History: Renaissance Studies.” <http://historymedren.about.com/homework/historymedren/cs/therenaissance/...>. This site provides numerous links to a variety of information on the Renaissance.
“Niccolo Machiavelli.” <http://www.ctbw.com/lubman.htm>. This site provides a brief biography of Machiavelli.
Virginia Standards of Learning Assessments for the 2001 History and Social Science Standards of Learning: Selected Items for World HistoryI.Virginia Department of Education 2003. <http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/.../history_social_science/2003/world_history1.pdf>.
Virginia Standards of Learning Assessments for the 2008 History and Social Science Standards of Learning. World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.) Test Blueprint. Virginia Department of Education, 2009.
<http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/.../2008/blueprints_worldhistory_geo_to1500.pdf>. This site provides assessment information for World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)