Standard(s) of Learning
||The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by
||identifying the social structure and role of slavery, explaining the significance of citizenship and the development of democracy, and comparing the city-states of Athens and Sparta;
Explain that classical Athens developed the most democratic system of government the world had ever seen, although not everyone could participate in decision-making. It became a foundation of modern democracies.
Explain that contrasting philosophies of government divided the Greek city-states of Athens (democracy) and Sparta (oligarchy).
Describe the social structure and citizenship in the Greek polis, using the following information as a guide:
• Citizens (free adult males) had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government.
• Women and foreigners had no political rights.
• Slaves had no political rights.
Compare the societies of Athens and Sparta, using the following information as a guide:
• Stages in evolution of Athenian government: Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, democracy
• Tyrants who worked for reform: Draco, Solon
• Origin of democratic principles: Direct democracy, public debate, duties of the citizen
• Oligarchy (rule by a small group)
• Rigid social structure
• Militaristic and aggressive society
Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.
“Draco’s and Solon’s Laws.” <http://history-world.org/solon.htm> This site provides an overview of the development of democracy in Athens.
Virginia Standards of Learning Assessments for the 2001 History and Social Science Standards of Learning: Selected Items for World History I. Virginia Department of Education 2003. <http://www.pen.k12.va.us/VDOE/Assessment/Release2003/History/VA-RIBs_g11wh1-1.pdf>.
Virginia Standards of Learning Assessments for the 2008 History and Social Science Standards of Learning. World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.). Test Blueprint. Virginia Department of Education, 2009. <http://www.doe.virginia.gov/testing/sol/released_tests/history_social_science/2003/world_history1.pdf>. This site provides assessment information for World History and Geography to 1500 A.D.
The World Factbook. U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/>. This site provides information on nations of the world.