Influence of Urban Areas on Regions and Countries
- Review the content from the previous session.
- Ensure students understand the difference between urban, suburban, and rural areas. Provide examples with which students are already familiar.
- Explain that urban areas influence a region’s and country’s cultural, political, and economic ideas and systems. Display the following influences of urban areas on their regions and countries, and discuss each one, providing examples, videos, slides, or photographs to facilitate understanding. Ensure students understand terms that may be new to them:
• Nation-building (monuments, symbols)
• Transportation/communication hubs
• Magnets for migration
• Seed beds of new ideas and technologies
• Diversity, leading to creativity in the arts
• Universities, educational opportunities
• Corporate headquarters/regional offices
• Media centers (news, entertainment)
- Explain that while urban areas provide positive influences on their regions and countries, they also create problems. Display the following problems associated with growth of urban areas, and discuss each one, providing examples, videos, slides, or photographs to facilitate understanding:
• Transportation problems emerge, especially as automobile travel increases.
• Rich and poor neighborhoods exist in different areas isolated from one another.
• Providing essential services, such as fresh water, sewage treatment, waste disposal, electricity, schools, and clinics, becomes a problem.
• Air, water, and noise pollution increase.
• Sprawl results in conversion of agricultural land to urban uses, especially in North America.
• Rapid immigration results in “shantytowns” on the edges of cities in Latin America, Africa, and Asia.
• In developing countries, major cities are more connected to regions outside the country than to regions within the country.
- Assign a teacher-selected reading, worksheet, or other reinforcement activity, using available teacher resources.