Standard of Learning
||The student will demonstrate knowledge of the key domestic and international issues during the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries by
||a) examining the Civil Rights Movement and the changing role of women.
NOTE: The Virginia Board of Education adopted the revised 2008 History and Social Science Standards of Learning at the January 10, 2008, meeting. Full implementation of these documents is scheduled for the 2010-2011 school year, as outlined in Superintendent’s Memorandum Informational Number 49.
Identify some effects of segregation on American society. Include the following:
- Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American students
- Separate public facilities (e.g., restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants)
- Social isolation of races.
Describe how the African American struggle for equality became a mass movement. Include the following:
- Opposition to Plessy v. Ferguson — “Separate but equal"
- Brown v. Board of Education, desegregation of schools
- Martin Luther King, Jr. — Passive resistance against segregated facilities; “I have a dream…” speech
- Rosa Parks — Montgomery bus boycott
- Organized protests, Freedom Riders, sit-ins, marches
- Expansion of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Describe the following legislation resulting from the Civil Right Movement that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race:
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Voting Rights Act of 1965
Identify how women were disadvantaged in the work place. Include the following:
- Discrimination in hiring practices against women
- Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job.
- Explain how women activists were inspired by the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and took action to gain equality for themselves, particularly in the workplace. Include the following improvements in women’s conditions that resulted from this action:
- National Organization for Women (NOW)
- Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal athletic opportunities
- The Equal Rights Amendment, despite its failure, and a focus on equal opportunity employment created a wider range of options and advancement for women in business and public service.
Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.
Center for American Women and Politics. Eagleton Institute for Politics. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. <http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/>. This site provides much searchable information.
Dusharme, Dirk. “2002 Salary Survey: Are you getting what you’re worth?” Quality Digest, May 2002. <http://www.qualitydigest.com/pdfs/2002salsurvey.pdf>. This document contains salary statistics for various job in various regions.
Gender Equity in Sports. University of Iowa. <http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/>. This site provides much searchable information.
“Highlights of Women’s Earnings in 2001.” United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2002. <http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpswom2001.pdf>. This Web site offers a 38-page document on the topic.
The History of Jim Crow. <http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/home.htm>. This site enables the user to explore the complex African American experience from the 1870s through the 1950s.
Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversary. <http://www.centralhigh57.org/>. This Web site provides information about the desegregation crisis that centered on Little Rock Central High School in 1957–58.
“Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Power of Nonviolence,” EDSITEment, National Endowment for the Humanities <http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=326>. This Web site offers a lesson plan on Dr. King’s philosophy of nonviolence the teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi that influenced Dr. King’s views.
National Organization for Women. <http://www.now.org/>. This site provides much searchable information.
“Ordinary People, Ordinary Places: The Civil Rights Movement.” EDSITEment, The National Endowment of the Humanities. <http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=353>. This Web site offers a lesson plan on the Civil Rights Movement.
The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. Public Broadcasting Service. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html>. This site offers much information about the Jim Crow era, including lessons plans and student activities.
Smith, Stephen, Kate Ellis, and Sasha Aslanian. Remembering Jim Crow. <http://www.americanradioworks.org/features/remembering/index.html>. This site offers information about and excerpts from the documentary Remembering Jim Crow.
“Teaching with Documents Lesson Plan: Documents Related to Brown v. Board of Education” U.S. National Archives and Records Administration — Digital Classroom. <http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-v-board/>. This site offers a lesson plan based on the landmark Supreme Court civil rights case.
Virginia Standards of Learning Assessments for the 2001 History and Social Science Standards of Learning. United States History: 1877 to the Present. Test Blueprint. Virginia Department of Education, 2003/04. <http://www.doe.virginia.gov/.../2008/blueprints_ushistory_1865-present.pdf>. This site provides assessment information for the course in United States History: 1877 to the Present.
We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement. <http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/civilrights/index.htm>. This site gives a travel itinerary of national historic places related to the Civil Rights Movement.
womenssportsfoundation.org. <http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/cgi-bin/iowa/index.html>. This site provides information about women and sports.