Citizenship: Duties, Rights, and Liberties
Session 13: Due Process
- Distribute as a handout or read the Supreme Court case “In re Gault” (Attachment J) to the class.
- Ask for student reactions. Ask them to list the elements of the case they feel were not fair.
- Explain that the elements they have mentioned are all part of due process.
- Define the term due process.
- Read the 5th and 14th amendments to the Constitution of the United States. Explain that these amendments protect the rights of citizens.
- Ask students to rewrite the due process section of each amendment in their own words in their notebooks.
- Explain that the 14th amendment is designed to make sure that states give citizens the same rights in state courts that the Bill of Rights guarantees in federal courts.
- Explain that violation of a defendant’s due process is the primary reason cases are appealed.